The British Wireless set no 19 HP
(WS 19 High Power).
With discriptions of other radio materials, during operation Market Garden.
This is the Wireless set no 19 HP. Above in the picture the receiver R 109 T.
This radio was used in The battle of Arnhem, only by The Royal Artillery Brigade radio net, for asking artillery support from the south. They landed near Arnhem at 17 september 1944.
A foreword to the precise moment of use of the WS 19 HP by The Royal Artillery in the battle.
The Royal Artillery was ment to be used, to give fire support to the paratroopers. They also were with the paratroopers in the first lines, marching on to the bridge, as scout troopers to give information about the german situations ahead. This information came to the Command Division Net 1, by radio’s, like WS 68 R. The 1e- and the 4e Paracute Brigade did have 7 teams under command. By lack of sufficient airplanes, only a part Of the Royal Artillery was dropped at the landingzones. Because of the restricted dimensions and weight of radio transmitters, transported by the gliders, only 2 WS 19 HP sets were permitted to be dropped.
After the landing at 17 september to march on very fast, there would be only radio contact by the WS 68 portable transceiver. This because, the second lift with the more powerful WS 22 radiosets in the heavy armoured Jeeps, were dropped at 18 september. These was the socalled Para Report Centre. At 16.07 a contact was between the HQ (TAC) and The 1e Para Brigade, the 1 Air landing Brigade and the 21e Para Brigade with their WS 68 radio sets.
Frequency in use was 2096 Khz., the range with the WS 68 should belimited to 3 miles.
At 17 september , the 1e Airlanding Brigade together with the Division Command net 1, with the Commander General Major URQUHART in this net, were positioned in the woods east of landingzone “Z”. They had also in use a Wireless set no 22, the range should increase to 5 miles by using this WS 22.
At 24.00, the net results with the Division Command Net were:
Para Brigade no contact,
1e Airlanding Brigade from 23.00 no contact,
so even the 21e Independent Para Company from 23.00.
At 17 september The Division Command net 2 with radio telegrafie (Wireless transmitter 76 and R109 ) with England was broken at 21.45. Just some moments, the contact was there.
At 18 september, 08.00, the Division Command moved to near Arhem. A new headquarter was housed now in Huize Hillock at the Utrechtse weg. At 16.30, they went to Hotel Hartenstein at Oosterbeek.
Also the Royal Artillery went at 18 septembert to Hartenstein. They tried to get contact in the afternoon, with the Forward Observation Officers (FOO) at the south of the river Rhine .Probably a WS 22. They used a 10 meter longwire antenna. But this failed. They did a second trial, now with the WS 19 HP from the Royal Artillery, because of its bigger power output . It failed again. By removing it to the second floor, they finally could make, for artillery support, contact with the artillery of the 30-st Corps at Groesbeek. This because of the constantly heavy shell and mortar fire. But soon they had to remove the radio to the cellar basement , because of this heavy fire. It was functioning the first days very well, all though later on a relay station was used on the southern border of the Rhine river. Other wireless sets, by lack of suffucient output power, had sometimes contact with the 30e Corps. But the WS 19 HP contact was very good all these last days.
The headquarter, with a small amount of men at Hotel Hartenstein, in a well defended perimeter, had to stay there, because of increasing German attacks. They wanted to reach the brige, but because of the heavy German resistance, this failed. They stayed there till the 25/26e september. Position got worse by the hour. AT LAST they decided to leave this perimeter. This was called Operation Berlin. A small group of men escaped by small boats across the river, with the help of the Polish division at hte southern side of the river. A few men stayed behind with the wounded and were keeping the Germans busy with all kind of radio signals etc. Also some other survivors , who could not be transported across the Rhine, were hidden by the local resistance. At 21e of oktober, another small group escaped. At the end of october another trial: but this trial failed. All remaining working radio’s and other communication materials were destroyed then. Some survivors, wounded, were left behind and were later transported to prisoner camps in Germany.