Direction finder receiver EZ 6
Overall description of the receiver as a direction finder.
This is a receiver, part of the Geman “PEIL G 6” aircraft installation called “Peil Gerat 6”.
It was used for navigation/directionfinding purposes in large aircrafts like the Heinkel HE 111, Junker 88 and so on. It was common for EZ6, to be combined with the Fug 10, where it would have b
een placed instead of the E10L receiver. This was called the Fug10P (Peil).
There are 3 frequency bands: 150 -300 Kc, 300-600 Kc and 600- 1200 Kc.
Photo above: front of the receiver
- Upper left knob: A2 is AM, Eich is calibrating the frequency, A1 is BFO is used by navigating, Bandbreite is making the MF smaller.
- Upper right knob: Entrubing is cleaning the signal from “humm etc.”
- Middle knob: tuning the frequency.
- Lower left knob: gain controll.
- Lower right knob: arrow is navigating by a double needle instrument type AFN2. Circle is “Rund Empfang, frequency band 300 -600 Kc. Communication purpose as a replacement band for the E10L.
- Lower middle: connection for headphones (left) and test entrance for test meter PV10 for measuring the internal voltages.
- Small upper right panel: Behind the trim pot for calibrating the frequency scale.
The inside of the EZ 6 receiver.
Note the text on the pictures for removal of the various part blocks and connections.
The front with cover panel removed.
The block units from the receiver from behind.
A connector of a unit.
Here to be seen the contacts of band switch.
Right the opened oscillator unit.
Oscillator case with circuit removed.
The removal of the oscillator ceramic plate. The green points are the data, where the wires, comming from behind the ceramiec plate, have to be desoldered.
The three wave band coils of the oscillator. Above in the picture, the metal cover of the coils.
The three coils explained.
The connections of the coils, the grid, anode and coupling coils. Very handy for measuring the coils.
Temperature compensation for to stabilise the frequency of the oscillator circuit of the EZ 6.
All the components of it are mounted on a ceramic plate as a printed circuit, which was very revolutionair in that time, nowadays very common. This has a very good effect at changing wiring capacities, due to warming up of them. Also mechanically very stable to heavy shocks.
Other provisions were these ceramic condensers in parallel , which have a temperature coefficient control. When they get warmed up by the air in the small cases of equipment, their capacity values changed that way, that frequency stability of the oscillator is improved.
These special condensers, you can see in the picture above, the green and brown condenser blocks.
On the printed circuit plate of the oscillator ceramic plate in the left side of the picture above, you see these green and brown condenser blocks. All ceramic condensers, in parallel, are placed over the the inductancies in the circuitry.
About these condenser blocks, there was another type with ceramic ones with different specifications . Different from these of the temperature coefficient types.
It is so special, that I like to tell something about it.
One is a special, great type of ceramic condenser, which proof the great knowledge of German engineers in that time. Consider, it is now more then 70 years ago!
These were made by the German manufacturer Hescho, who patented it, and made also the ceramic coils holders and variometers.
The ceramic condensers are very special made. In fact, they are very bad condensers with a big dielecric loss with a particular temperature coeficient.
Let us look at the internal capacities between the anode and grid and between kathode and grid, eg. Cga and Cgk, of a radio valve. When the radio valve is warming up, and getting warmer and warmer, when it is delivering power, the anode dissipation is increasing, these capacities are changing, the value is getting higher. So the frequency of the oscillator is changing and getting lower. Characteristic curves and values are well known for each type radio valve.
Now we look at these special ceramic condensers. When HF energy is applied on these condensers, by the energy of the oscillator, the dielectric electric losses of it changes by heating up of his body, so the value of capacity getting lower. Hescho managed to measure that amount of dielectic loss in these capacitors. so they could produce a large variety of different losses factors in the capacitors very accurate.
That is just what we need to compensate the frequency change, established by the warming up of the valve , so the anode, by the increasing anode dissipation. This proces is acting much faster, then the influence of the temperature compensating material, in circomstances that the valve is switched off, so cooling down, and later switched on again. Consider, that the remainig heat in the cabinet of this valve is still reaching the temperature compensation material, while the valve has been already switced off for a while.
So they made the curve of these combination of condensors that way, by putting several of these condensers in the circuit, that it is compensating the changing valve curve. So frequency stability, needed in such circumstances in the airplanes, was increased well , especially in these oscillators. Note that the German equipment, especially transmitters, were not crystal controlled by lack of crystal material, which had to come from abroad and was of course not delivered almost in that war time.
But these condensers were probably only made for oscillators, not crystal controlled, of transmitters.
You can see this arrangement in the various transmitters for navy, the LO40K39, the MOPA transmitters of the FUG 10, S10K and S10L. Even, I saw it in the oscillator part of transceiver FU Sprech- f of the army. But these were probably only condensors with a temperature coefficient. In these MOPA transmitters of the FUG 10, this stabilsation method is most effective. The heat is much in the transmitter cabinets. The oscillator stage, a RL12P35, had to deliver much driving power, so getting very warm, by his big anode dissipation, for driving the power amplifier of 2 RL12P35’s, to let this amplifier provide 60 watts on CW. Below a picture of the condenserblock in a S10K transmitter. In my working FUG 10, the frequence stability is amazing, while the transmitter cabinets are pretty warm. The oscillator is of course not crystal controlled!
The condenser block of the S10K transmitter. At the right, a kind of printed circuit on the ceramic base.
I don’t think these condensers with that dielectrice loss were used in the EZ 6. Because it makes no sense. The oscillator in the EZ6 uses a low power valve, the RV12P2000. It delivers low energy to the mixer stage. So warming up of the anode is limited, so his internal capacities. But it might have been? I don’t know.
After the war, this manufacturing method of this special condensor was lost and forgetten. A synthisized module was used in oscillators. The frequency stability of them, depended on a crystal controlled reference oscillator. In fact a pity, but it worked well.
De EZ 6 as a direction finder.
Here the EZ6 receiver as my “Peil G6” installation. Just at the right above a controllunit. With the switch you can do an automatic DF ,with the amplifier V6 just below the EZ6 and you can do a DF by hand, using the big knob on it by turning it to the left (L) or to the right (R). The DF antenna will turn to the left or right .Also the speed of the motor can be tuned. Right below the rotarytransformer U11 for the powersupply. In the middle the DF instrument type AFN2. Just all above the motordrive for turning the DF antenna. Also seen the sense antenna. The complete system is a homemade version, except for the PRE 6 motordrive.
The AFN 1 instrument. The vertical needle is pointing to the dot, when the airplane is at course. The horizontal needle is for the signal strenght of the beacon transmitter. Tuning at maximun signal of the receiver tuning.
The DF antenna system. Above the sense antenna (homemade), below the PRE6 motor drive unit.
The PRE 6 motor and drive unit above and the ferriet antenne, just below the sense antenna, which is homemade one, by lack of the original one, but works very well.
This whole installation (certainly not original) is setup by my own and in fully working condition. The receiver is fed by the U11a by 24 volts DC. You can find the correct direction by rotating the little ferriet antenne and watching the AFN 1.